area of all debris/avoid area with overhanging
Construct a fire
ring surrounded by rocks
Have a bucket of water,
shovel and a fire
and ready to put out a fire
· Gather wood and
stack in separate piles away from fire area.
· Do not use green or freshly cut wood.
are three different kinds of wood needed for a successful
Tinder - small
twigs, wood shavings, dry leaves or grass, dry needles,
bark or dryer lint.
This should start to burn immediately with a lighted
- small sticks 1" around or less
Fuel - larger wood
that keeps the fire going
Elements required for a fire to burn properly
When one of these three things are removed, the fire
Example -- Water cools fuel below ignition point, dirt
cuts off the oxygen supply.
material that will burn
Heat - enough heat
to bring fuel to ignition
to provide oxygen to burning process
Start with a couple hands full of tinder loosely piled
in the center of your fire ring.
· With your back to the wind and match protected by
the cup of your hand, ignite tinder with a match. Discard
used match into the fire.
· Slowly add more tinder. You may need to blow softly
at the base of the fire.
· Once the tinder has fully started to burn, slowly
add some smaller pieces of kindling. Keep close together
but allow space for air.
· Gradually increase the size of the kindling you add
to the fire.
· When you have a good fire going , add the fuel one
piece at a time as described below.
Allow for adequate air flow.
· Types of Fires
Tepee Fire - good for quick cooking since
the heat is concentrated in one spot. Lay the fuel over
your kindling like a tepee.
Fire - good for a long lasting fire
with a lot of coals. Excellent for a campfire. Lay the
fuel over the kindling in a crisscross pattern.
Log Cabin Fire
for use with grills, long lasting fire with lots of
coals. The tinder and kindling will be in the center
of the square. Place two lengths of fuel 12 in. to 15
in. from and parallel to each other. Do the same with
two more pieces of fuel, placing them across and on
top of the first layer and a few inches closer to the
center of the square. Do the same for the third layer,
and once the fire gets going, lay more fuel across the
top to form something like a flat "roof" across
· Safety with Fire
a fire near tents or other flammable items.
flammable fluids to start a fire.
Build a fire only as big as
Make sure to completely extinguish fire.
Scatter ashes or embers out.
Sprinkle with water. Stir with a stick. Repeat.
Drench charred logs.
Repeat until everything is cold.